Sustainable Wind Development
Developing tools and insights for sustainable development of wind energy to create a successful export industry, reduce cost and uncertainty, and resolve environmental and societal conflicts.
- Circular value chain design
- Nature-inclusive wind energy development
- New forms of citizen participation
Circularity, public engagement, and environmental design support sustainable energy transitions.
Methodology and research tasks
Main results from 2021
The role of (Norwegian) wind in the sustainable energy transition
- PhD candidate working on “Circular business development of offshore wind energy”.
- PhD candidate working on “Harnessing Norwegian maritime industrial capabilities in the emerging US offshore wind industry”.
Environmental impacts and options for environmental design
- Above-water impacts: In 2021, work has been done on the design and preparations for applying for a permit from the Norwegian Food Safety Authority for year-round tracking of gulls (GPS precision, harness-mounted equipment).
- Below-water impacts: A literature search process for a review of reef effects for Scandinavia has commenced. NINA has established collaboration with IMR for taking eDNA samples at the Hywind Tampen area before construction starts; this will be followed up on in the coming years.
- Onshore impacts: The proposed AviSite LCA-mapping application has been presented at the Innovation Forum in 2021. The actual development will be done in 2022.
- Integrated siting tool: In 2021, the initial planning of the app design and system environment was done. A new cloud repository was established in NINA’s Google Enterprise. The mapping of relevant map layers and configuration of workflows will be done in 2022.
Public engagement, participation and controversy
- PhD candidate working on “The framing of Norwegian wind energy futures – the cases of Svalbard and Sørlige Nordsjø II”.
- Workshop with FME NTRANS on the Norwegian wind power controversy.
- Journal paper: Afewerke, S. & Karlsen, A. (2021). Policy mixes for just sustainable development in regions specialised in carbon-intensive industries: the case of two Norwegian petro-maritime regions. European Planning Studies 2021.
- Book chapter: Banet, C.: Energy planning legal requirements and offshore wind in Norway.