Sustainable Wind Development

Developing tools and insights for sustainable development of wind energy to create a successful export industry, reduce cost and uncertainty, and resolve environmental and societal conflicts.

Work Package 5 is lead by Marianne Ryghaug and Sara Heidenreich from NTNU, and Roel May from NINA. Its focus areas are value chains, environmental impact and public engagement.

Anticipated results:

  • Circular value chain design
  • Nature-inclusive wind energy development
  • New forms of citizen participation
Marianne Ryghaug
Roel May


Circularity, public engagement, and environmental design support sustainable energy transitions.

Methodology and research tasks

The role of Norwegian wind in the sustainable energy transition

Develop pathways examining the role of Norwegian WE to realize a low-cost, low-emission European energy supply by 2050. Investigate how industrial international circular value chains can be developed to support scaling from tens to hundreds of GW. Assess regulations, contracts and business models.

Environmental impacts and options for environmental design

Assess multiple-stressor impacts of marine operations, quantify the ecological footprint of development, develop best regulatory practices and (international) Standards for (strategic) Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA).

Public engagement, participation, and controversy

Explore the institutional, industrial, legal, and material underpinnings of energy citizenship related to wind power. Investigate existing and developing new forms of wind power governance, planning and implementation processes, advancing principles of responsible research and innovation (RRI).