Computer-generated image of code, overlayed with abstract designs.

Digital twin framework

The main innovation has been the development of the Hybrid Analysis Modelling (HAM), Corrective Source Term Approach (CoSTA), and Component / Chain Reduced Order Modelling (ROM) approaches. These methods have demonstrated high accuracy, computational efficiency, and the ability to model the unknown while utilising existing knowledge to the maximum extent. Consequently, they are seen as powerful enablers for digital twin applications. Without this new family of models, realisation of realistic digital twins is challenging. TRL 2-3.